Освобождение (Liberation), No. 1, April 1990

The masthead of this paper from Samara, a city on the Volga river over 600 miles east of Moscow, gestures to several sources of inspiration: a citation from Goethe: “Freedom and life are earned by those alone who conquer them each day anew”; reference to the French communist newspaper, Libération; and the dense drawing of the Greater Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire at the top of the page. The paper is described as an “independent publication of the Christian-Democratic party,” which “is published by the members of the Democratic Union Party.”